Different Types of Mortgage Loans (Lån) You Can Choose

Mortgage Loans


We can all agree that it is almost impossible to purchase a household in cash, which is vital to remember. Therefore, finding the property that meets your needs is the first step you must take toward financing your home. 

You will need at least fifteen to thirty years to repay it entirely, meaning you should choose the one that will meet your budget and preferences. Keep in mind that when borrowing money from a lending institution, you create a legal agreement you must follow that includes the amount you should repay for a particular period. 

Two essential aspects of a mortgage include the loan amount and the interest rate you will get throughout the term. You should know that the US government will guarantee certain types of home loans. 

What is a Mortgage?

Similarly, as mentioned above, principal and interest are essential aspects of mortgage payment. The principal is the overall loan amount you will get for a specific house. On the other hand, interest is the additional amount you can calculate as the percentage of principal that lenders charge for giving your money to borrow in the first place. 

You will pay monthly installments during the term based on the amortization schedule, which is vital to remember. When you get a thirty-year loan, in the first half, the monthly expenses will handle a higher amount of interest than principal, while the things work vice versa in the second fifteen years. 

Types of Mortgages You Can Choose

Similarly, you should know that mortgages are not equal to anything else. Some of them come with more complex guidelines, while others are straightforward. At the same time, some lending institutions will require a minimum twenty percent down payment, while others will need at least three percent from the overall purchasing value. 

Still, if you wish to qualify, you will need a high or excellent credit score, but some federal options are perfect for people with low credit scores. Still, you should know that the US government will not act as a lender, but it will guarantee specific types of loans with stringent requirements regarding geographic areas, loan limits, and income. 

You will learn about different potential options when choosing a mortgage loan for your needs in the further article. 

  • Convenient

You should know that these loans do not come with federal government backup. Still, you will need a good income history, stable employment, excellent credit, and the chance to make at least three percent of the down payment to qualify for a conventional loan. 

It is vital to remember that Freddie Mac and Fannie Mae are two government-sponsored enterprises that buy and sell most mortgages in the US. The best way to avoid a hefty private insurance mortgage is by making at least twenty percent of down payments. However, you can also find lenders that offer you no mortgage insurance with a low down payment. 

  • Conforming

It is vital to remember that conforming loans come with the max limits created by the federal government. Everything depends on the area you live in. 

According to the Federal Housing Finance Agency (you should check here to visit the FHA official website), the baseline CLL or conforming loan limit is approximately $650 thousand for one-unit properties. 

You should know that they have created a high maximum limit in the other parts of the US, including San Francisco and New York City. The main reason for that is that these towns come with high-cost areas that exceed the baseline loan limit for at least a hundred percent. 

  • Non-conforming

Regarding non-conforming loans, you should know that Freddie Mac and Fannie Mac cannot buy or sell them similarly to other options due to underwriting guidelines and loan amounts. 

The most common option is a jumbo loan because it exceeds the overall conforming limits, which is vital to remember. They come with significant risks to lenders, meaning you will need more extensive money reserves and a down payment between ten and twenty percent to get them. 

  • FHA or Federal Housing Administration Loans

Suppose you have a low or moderate-income and wish to purchase a home for your family. Therefore, you can get the one insured by the FHA or the Federal Housing Administration, especially if you cannot qualify for a conventional option. You can put 3.5% of the down payment of the overall amount you get, which is essential to remember.

They do not require excellent credit scores as other options mentioned above. However, they are not lenders per se, but the FHA has approved lenders, while they operate as a guarantee that terms will remain the same throughout the loan’s life. 

Of course, you should know that you must pay both annual mortgage insurance premium or MIP and upfront insurance. We are talking about mortgage coverage that protects the lending institution from your potential default, and it will last until you repay everything. 

They are perfect for moderate-income borrowers who cannot get a conventional loan product while unable to handle a significant down payment. Remember that FHA loans will allow candidates with five hundred FICO scores with a ten percent down payment, which is vital to remember.

  • Veteran Affairs (VA) Loans

You can easily visit the US Department of Veteran Affairs after checking out this link: https://www.va.gov/, which will help you get a perfect mortgage, especially if you are a military service member or veteran. Remember that spouses of military service personnel can also qualify. 

You can get a hundred percent of the entire amount without a down payment, which is an entirely different approach to offer you peace of mind. At the same time, other advantages include the lower closing expenses, lack of MIP or PMI, and better interest rates altogether.

Since the US Department of Veteran Affairs will guarantee mortgages to qualified service members, you can rest assured along the way. They do feature a funding fee, which is the percentage of the overall amount that will handle the cost to taxpayers. The price depends on your military service category and the amount you wish to get.

However, the following service members do not have to pay this fee:

  • Veterans entitled to VA compensation for service-related disabilities 
  • Surviving spouses of veterans who died from service-related disability or in service
  • A member with a memorandum rating that states eligibility for compensation after a pre-discharge claim
  • Service members with the Purple Heart

Remember that the VA loans are perfect for active military personnel, veterans, and spouses who want to obtain competitive terms and rates based on their financial situations and requirements. 

  • US Department of Agriculture (USDA) Loans

It would be best to remember that the USDA or the US Department of Agriculture is also a perfect place where low-income buyers can find access to mortgages for rural areas across the United States. Remember that these loans do not require a down payment for qualified borrowers, but you need to meet the USDA eligibility regulations.

USDA loans are perfect for homebuyers who wish to get a house in an eligible rural area with a low income and down payment, especially because they cannot qualify for a conventional counterpart. 

  • Fixed-Rate

When it comes to repayment length, the main factor you should consider is the interest rates you must handle. Fixed-rate options are perfect because you will get pre-set interest rates for the loan’s life, which will last between fifteen and thirty years. 

Suppose your goal is to repay the household faster. It would be best to choose a fifteen-year fixed-rate mortgage, which will offer you higher monthly payments, but you will handle lower interest overall. That way, you can build equity faster than before, another critical consideration. 

We recommend you to check out your budget to ensure you can handle the high expenses for the next fifteen years. A shorter and fixed-term mortgage means you will make higher monthly installments than long-term options. Besides, it would be best to consider other factors such as emergency funds and saving for retirement.

Still, the fixed-rate mortgage is perfect for buyers who wish to ensure the same installments throughout the loan’s life. Therefore, when you take a thirty-year fixed-rate loan, you will get lower monthly installments, meaning you can plan everything and create a budget with ease.

Of course, if you have enough resources, you can pay off the mortgage faster by choosing a fifteen-year fixed loan, which will save you money on interest and reduce the repayment period. 

  • Adjustable-Rate 

Adjustable-rate mortgage loans (lån) may have a fixed interest during the first ten years, while after that, the percentage will fluctuate depending on the market and external conditions. 

If you wish to take a chance, you should get this one because, at some point, it can be lower than fixed ones, but it can reach a higher percentage. 

Some options come with a rate cap, meaning the percentage cannot exceed a specific amount, with lower risk than the first option. The ARM can occasionally reset and change based on the market conditions, meaning your monthly installments will also vary. 

Adjustable-rate mortgages are perfect options if you do not plan to stay at home for a fixed-period or if your goal is to refinance it after the interest rate increases. That way, you can prevent potential surges that will affect your financial situation. As a result, you can save thousands of dollars throughout the process.

That is why you should plan everything, which will help you determine the best course of action. That way, you can prevent potential issues while creating a repayment strategy that will not take too much of your current income. 

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